Definition of station and train station
- A station is a place for getting on and off of passengers (including the passengers use facilities and equipment.), shipment of cargo, composition, turnout and evacuation of trains.
- A station is composed of a train station, switchyard, and signal field. The train station is a railway facility where trains regularly stop to load or unload passengers or freight.
The type of train stations
(the classification of function) Normal Station, Simple station
- Normal station: A station to stay stationmaster and deal with passengers and cargos at the same time.
- Simple Station: It has no stationmaster and employees. Trains stop only. It includes simple placement station and no placement Simple Station.
- Simple placement station: A station to deal with passengers and cargos by placing the employees. And facilities such as platform, waiting room, and toilet are installed to handle passengers to a minimum.
- No placement Simple Station: Usually unstaffed. Trains stop when crew requests to stop at station.
(the classification of the form) ground station, underground station, over-track station, under-track station
Train station type classification
Ground Station: A station located on ground level, sited one side of track. Passengers access to a platform through underground or elevated aisle.
Underground station: A station located at underground level and it has more than one flow of passengers.
Over-track station : A station located at upper level of railway on the ground level and it has one or two flows of passengers.
Under-track station : A station located at lower level of railway on the ground level and it has one or two flows of passengers.